The Project 955, or Borei class, is a forth-generation
nuclear-powered missile submarine. The Borei class will
eventually replace ageing Russian Delta IV and Typhoon class
ballistic missile submarines and would form a core of
Russian naval deterrent.
First of the class, the Yury Dolgoruky was laid
down in 1996. Production of the vessel suffered severe
delays due to funding problems. It was launched only in
2007. It is the first Russian strategic missile submarine to
be launched since the Soviet era. It is also considered a
milestone in the development of the Russian navy.
Two other Borei class submarines, the s, the Alexandr Nevsky
and the Vladimir Monomakh are currently under
construction with a forth submarine on the production
The Vladimir Monomakh and follow-on submarine will
probably be built as the Project 955A. It will have numerous
improvements and might have different hull shape.
The Borei class submarine carries Bulava
submarine-launched ballistic missile, which is a naval
version of the SS-27 Topol-M. The Yury Dolgoruky will
carry 16 of these missiles. It is worth mentioning that
there development of Bulava SLBM was plagued by setbacks, as
there were numerous failures during Bulava test launches.
The Bulava (NATO Designation SS-N-30) ballistic missile has
a range of 8 000 km. This submarine was expected to be
commissioned in 2009, however as of early 2009 it was not
fitted with missiles.
Improved Project 955 boats might carry up to 20 ballistic
missiles. Borei has about half the displacement of the
Typhoon class, however will carry similar number of